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Evolution and phylogeny of bees: review and cladistic analysis in light of morphological evidence (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) / John D. Plant and Hannes F. Paulus

Por: Plant, John D [autor/a].
Paulus, Hannes F [autor/a].
Tipo de material: Libro
 impreso(a) 
 Libro impreso(a) Series Editor: Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart Science Publishers, 2016Descripción: 364 páginas : fotografías, ilustraciones ; 32 centímetros.ISBN: 351055048X; 9783510550487.Tema(s): Abejas | Filogenia | Morfología animalClasificación: 595.799 / P5 Nota de bibliografía: Bibliografía: páginas 327-358 Número de sistema: 2350Contenidos:Mostrar Resumen:
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Volume 161 of Zoologica reviews and analyses the evolution and phylogeny of bees. It is subdivided into two parts Part One: A Preamble to the Evolution and Phylogeny of Bees provides a complete and critical review of all previous attempts to reconstruct the phylogenetic tree of bees (Anthophila / Apiformes) based on morphological, bionomic and molecular approaches and presented in chronological sequence up to and including recent publications. At the same time, the introductory part examines trends in the classification of bees and compares available hypotheses of bee evolution. Part One closes with a family-wise delineation of the fossil history of bees. Part Two: A Phylogenetic Study of Bees in Light of Morphological Evidence adds an experimental study to complement the bibliographical analysis provided in Part One. The phylogenetic relationships of the larger taxonomic units of bees are tested anew using an extensive dataset of selected morphological features. The study uses all common and current computer-aided techniques of cladistic analysis (parsimony, successive/implied weight, Bayesian and neighbor-joining), which are applied to representatives of all seven families, 22 subfamilies and 48 of 58 tribes of bees. The conclusions drawn from this are evaluated for the major groups (i.e., short-tongued and long-tongued bees), and separately for the families, subfamilies and tribes in each case. In a world currently dominated by molecular genetic approaches to phylogeny, this study clearly demonstrates that it is not anachronistic to engage in morphological efforts, because progress can be significantly advanced and the pool of available scientific arguments enriched. The diversity of the object of investigation justifies a variety of methods. This monograph is a much needed reference work of high practical value for everybody interested in bee evolution, phylogeny and morphology. Further, it is ideally suited as good introductory reading material for

Further, it is ideally suited as good introductory reading material for university level students.

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Acervo General 595.799 P5 Prestado 01/04/2023 ECO010018755

Bibliografía: páginas 327-358

Abstract.. Zusammenfassung.. Part I: A Preamble to the Evolution and Phylogeny of Bees.. Introduction.. Trends in Bee Classification.. Theories on the Evolution of Bees.. Wasp Ancestry and Bee Classification.. Morphological Phylogeny of Bees.. Molecular Phylogeny of Bees.. Parasitic Bees.. Antiquity of Bees.. Part II: A Phylogenetic Study of Bees in Light of Morphological Evidence.. Introduction.. Methods.. Species Investigated.. List of Characters.. Data Matrix.. Results and Discussion.. Statistical Results and Cladograms.. Major Divisions of Bees.. Short-Tongued Bees.. Family Halictidae.. Family Andrenidae.. Family Stenotritidae.. Family Colletidae.. Family Melittidae.. Long-Tongued Bees.. Family Megachilidae.. Family Apidae.. Summary.. Acknowledgements.. References.. Appendix A:.. Family-Group Names of Bees.. Appendix B:.. Description of New Family-Group Names

Volume 161 of Zoologica reviews and analyses the evolution and phylogeny of bees. It is subdivided into two parts Part One: A Preamble to the Evolution and Phylogeny of Bees provides a complete and critical review of all previous attempts to reconstruct the phylogenetic tree of bees (Anthophila / Apiformes) based on morphological, bionomic and molecular approaches and presented in chronological sequence up to and including recent publications. At the same time, the introductory part examines trends in the classification of bees and compares available hypotheses of bee evolution. Part One closes with a family-wise delineation of the fossil history of bees. Part Two: A Phylogenetic Study of Bees in Light of Morphological Evidence adds an experimental study to complement the bibliographical analysis provided in Part One. The phylogenetic relationships of the larger taxonomic units of bees are tested anew using an extensive dataset of selected morphological features. The study uses all common and current computer-aided techniques of cladistic analysis (parsimony, successive/implied weight, Bayesian and neighbor-joining), which are applied to representatives of all seven families, 22 subfamilies and 48 of 58 tribes of bees. The conclusions drawn from this are evaluated for the major groups (i.e., short-tongued and long-tongued bees), and separately for the families, subfamilies and tribes in each case. In a world currently dominated by molecular genetic approaches to phylogeny, this study clearly demonstrates that it is not anachronistic to engage in morphological efforts, because progress can be significantly advanced and the pool of available scientific arguments enriched. The diversity of the object of investigation justifies a variety of methods. This monograph is a much needed reference work of high practical value for everybody interested in bee evolution, phylogeny and morphology. Further, it is ideally suited as good introductory reading material for eng

Further, it is ideally suited as good introductory reading material for university level students. eng

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