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Abundance of the common vampire bat and feeding prevalence on cattle along a gradient of landscape disturbance in southeastern Mexico

Mendoza Sáenz, Víctor Hugo [autor] | Navarrete Gutiérrez, Darío Alejandro [autor] | Jiménez Ferrer, Guillermo [autor] | Kraker Castañeda, Cristian [autor] | Saldaña Vázquez, Romeo Alberto [autor].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tipo de contenido: Texto Tipo de medio: Computadora Tipo de portador: Recurso en líniaTema(s): Ganadería | Desmodus rotundus | Murciélagos | Rabies virus | Paisajes fragmentados | Salud animalTema(s) en inglés: Livestock | Desmodus rotundus | Bat | Rabies virus | Fragmented landscapes | Animal healthDescriptor(es) geográficos: La Trinitaria (Chiapas, México) | Frontera Comalapa (Chiapas, México) | Amatenango de la Frontera (Chiapas, México) Nota de acceso: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso En: Mammal Research. Volumen 66 (junio 2021), páginas 481-495. --ISSN: 2199-241XNúmero de sistema: 61239Resumen:
Inglés

Cattle ranching is one of the main production activities in the Neotropics that has unavoidably led to cattle exposure to the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) and rabies virus. Although many studies have assessed this issue, the influence of environmental characteristics associated with land use and social and production constraints have received little attention. We used satellite imagery classification to identify a gradient of landscape disturbance and analyzed the effects of cattle management and landscape structure on common vampire bat abundance and feeding prevalence. Evidence of the common vampire bat feeding on cattle was common in the study area: 87.5% of the ranchers interviewed claimed to have experienced this problem. The abundance and feeding prevalence of the common vampire bat was lower in landscapes dominated by open fields, scarce forest cover, and agricultural land. Bat abundance was positively associated with the presence of streams in the proximity of grazing areas, whereas cave’s presence was associated with higher feeding prevalence. We suggest that cattle grazing should avoid the proximity of streams, caves, and forests as much as possible, as these conditions increase the exposure of cattle to the common vampire bat and the potential for feeding, which can increase the likelihood of rabies virus transmission.

Recurso en línea: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-021-00588-1
Lista(s) en las que aparece este ítem: GANADERIA SUSTENTABLE Y CAMBIO CLIMATICO
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Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso

Cattle ranching is one of the main production activities in the Neotropics that has unavoidably led to cattle exposure to the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) and rabies virus. Although many studies have assessed this issue, the influence of environmental characteristics associated with land use and social and production constraints have received little attention. We used satellite imagery classification to identify a gradient of landscape disturbance and analyzed the effects of cattle management and landscape structure on common vampire bat abundance and feeding prevalence. Evidence of the common vampire bat feeding on cattle was common in the study area: 87.5% of the ranchers interviewed claimed to have experienced this problem. The abundance and feeding prevalence of the common vampire bat was lower in landscapes dominated by open fields, scarce forest cover, and agricultural land. Bat abundance was positively associated with the presence of streams in the proximity of grazing areas, whereas cave’s presence was associated with higher feeding prevalence. We suggest that cattle grazing should avoid the proximity of streams, caves, and forests as much as possible, as these conditions increase the exposure of cattle to the common vampire bat and the potential for feeding, which can increase the likelihood of rabies virus transmission. eng

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