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Community perceptions of socioecological stressors and risk-reducing strategies in Tabasco, Mexico

Pischke, Erin C [autora] | Mesa Jurado, María Azahara [autora] | Eastmond Spencer, Amarella [autora] | Abrams, Jesse [autor] | Halvorsen, Kathleen E [autor].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tipo de contenido: Texto Tipo de medio: Computadora Tipo de portador: Recurso en líniaTema(s): Cambio climático | Reducción de riesgos | Percepción social | Comunidades rurales | Gestión ambientalTema(s) en inglés: Climate change | Risk reduction | Social perception | Rural communities | Environmental managementDescriptor(es) geográficos: Emiliano Zapata (Tabasco, México) Nota de acceso: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso En: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. Volumen 8, número 4 (December 2018), páginas 441-451. --ISSN: 2190-6491Número de sistema: 59084Resumen:
Inglés

Rural inhabitants in many parts of the world face multiple stressors associated with socioecological and climatic change, yet their risk-reducing strategies have rarely been linked to these stressors. Extant studies present unclear and often unspecific definitions of adaptation or focus on just one type of stressor rather than acknowledging that there can be multiple responses to myriad stressors. In an attempt to overcome some of these gaps, we utilize a typology of adaptation strategies that addresses deficiencies in the current adaptation literature. This research draws on qualitative interview data to examine resident perceptions of water-related socioecological and climatic changes and potential risk-reducing strategies within small rural communities in Tabasco, Mexico. The increased frequency of drought and flooding in low-lying areas near the Usumacinta River has reduced local community members' ability to sustain their livelihoods. Results from interview analysis show that residents are using four major strategies that they perceive as helping them respond to water-related problems. They are mobility, diversification, communal pooling, and environmental management. Our findings contribute to understandings of rural community risk reduction strategies that may be shared by other rural communities in places around the world experiencing negative climate change impacts.

Recurso en línea: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13412-018-0493-6
Lista(s) en las que aparece este ítem: Mujeres en la ciencia-ECOSUR Villahermosa
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Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso

Rural inhabitants in many parts of the world face multiple stressors associated with socioecological and climatic change, yet their risk-reducing strategies have rarely been linked to these stressors. Extant studies present unclear and often unspecific definitions of adaptation or focus on just one type of stressor rather than acknowledging that there can be multiple responses to myriad stressors. In an attempt to overcome some of these gaps, we utilize a typology of adaptation strategies that addresses deficiencies in the current adaptation literature. This research draws on qualitative interview data to examine resident perceptions of water-related socioecological and climatic changes and potential risk-reducing strategies within small rural communities in Tabasco, Mexico. The increased frequency of drought and flooding in low-lying areas near the Usumacinta River has reduced local community members' ability to sustain their livelihoods. Results from interview analysis show that residents are using four major strategies that they perceive as helping them respond to water-related problems. They are mobility, diversification, communal pooling, and environmental management. Our findings contribute to understandings of rural community risk reduction strategies that may be shared by other rural communities in places around the world experiencing negative climate change impacts. eng

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