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Agroecology and restoration ecology: fertile ground for Mexican peasant territoriality

Guzmán Luna, Alejandra [autora] | Ferguson, Bruce G, 1967- [autor] | Giraldo Palacio, Omar Felipe [autor] | Schmook, Birgit Inge [autora] | Aldasoro Maya, Elda Miriam [autora].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tipo de contenido: Texto Tipo de medio: Computadora Tipo de portador: Recurso en líneaTema(s): Restauración ecológica | Agroecología | Degradación ambiental | Organizaciones indígenas | Neoliberalismo | Desarrollo sostenible | Programas gubernamentalesTema(s) en inglés: Restoration ecology | Agroecology | Environmental degradation | Indians organizations | Neoliberalism | Sustainable development | Government programmesDescriptor(es) geográficos: México Nota de acceso: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso En: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. Volumen 43, número 10 (Jun 2019), páginas 1174-1200. --ISSN: 2168-3573Número de sistema: 59978Resumen:
Inglés

Agroecological transformation must often take place in degraded landscapes. Thus, ecological restoration and related fields may extend agroecology's reach. At the same time, agroecological practice may enhance ecological functions, contributing to ecosystem recovery in rural landscapes. The long-term impact of these initiatives will depend upon how they mesh with peasant territoriality; the relationship between land and people in its socioeconomic, political-institutional and symbolic-cultural dimensions. We analyzed agroecological and restoration/recuperation initiatives originating from government and non-governmental organizations with direct government support, and from peasant protagonism. We examined official records of initiatives in both categories, conducted in-depth interviews with public officials, and surveyed 47 small peasants associated with organic and agroecological markets. Government and government-linked NGO initiatives operate according to a neoliberal vision of sustainable-development that privileges generation of financial capital, also they have decreased their support for agroecology, and have little or no engagement with restoration/recuperation in terms of ecological or social complexity. By contrast, we identify a strong tendency in peasant agroecology that incorporates restoration/recuperation to achieve greater ecological and cultural complexity. The synergies that arise between agroecology and ecological recovery contribute to the construction of peasant territoriality, and are particularly evident in initiatives driven by indigenous organizations.

Recurso en línea: https://doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2019.1624284
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Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso

Agroecological transformation must often take place in degraded landscapes. Thus, ecological restoration and related fields may extend agroecology's reach. At the same time, agroecological practice may enhance ecological functions, contributing to ecosystem recovery in rural landscapes. The long-term impact of these initiatives will depend upon how they mesh with peasant territoriality; the relationship between land and people in its socioeconomic, political-institutional and symbolic-cultural dimensions. We analyzed agroecological and restoration/recuperation initiatives originating from government and non-governmental organizations with direct government support, and from peasant protagonism. We examined official records of initiatives in both categories, conducted in-depth interviews with public officials, and surveyed 47 small peasants associated with organic and agroecological markets. Government and government-linked NGO initiatives operate according to a neoliberal vision of sustainable-development that privileges generation of financial capital, also they have decreased their support for agroecology, and have little or no engagement with restoration/recuperation in terms of ecological or social complexity. By contrast, we identify a strong tendency in peasant agroecology that incorporates restoration/recuperation to achieve greater ecological and cultural complexity. The synergies that arise between agroecology and ecological recovery contribute to the construction of peasant territoriality, and are particularly evident in initiatives driven by indigenous organizations. eng

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