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Community perception, adaptation and resilience to extreme weather in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Metcalfe, Sarah E [autora] | Schmook, Birgit Inge [autora] | Boyd, Doreen S [autora] | Barreda Bautista, Betsabe De la [autora] | Endfield, Georgina E [autora] | Márdero Jiménez, Silvia Sofía [autora] | Manzón Che, María de Jesús [autora] | Medina González, Roger [autor] | Munguía Gil, María Teresa [autora] | Navarro Olmedo, Santana [autor] | Perea, Alejandra [autora].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tipo de contenido: Texto Tipo de medio: Computadora Tipo de portador: Recurso en líneaTema(s): Medios de vida | Pesca artesanal | Agricultura de subsistencia | Cambio climático | ResilienciaTema(s) en inglés: Livelihoods | Artisanal fisheries | Subsistence farming | Climate change | Resilience | San Felipe (Yucatan, Mexico)Descriptor(es) geográficos: San Felipe (Yucatán, México) | Tzucacab (Yucatán, México) | Calakmul (Campeche, México) Nota de acceso: Acceso en línea sin restricciones En: Regional Environmental Change. Volumen 20, número 1, article number 25 (March 2020), páginas 1-15. --ISSN: 1436-3798Número de sistema: 59754Resumen:
Inglés

Perceptions of climate change, the impacts of and responses to climatic variability and extreme weather are explored in three communities in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in relation to livelihood resilience. These communities provide examples of the most common livelihood strategies across the region: small-scale fisheries (San Felipe) and semi-subsistence small-holder farming (Tzucacab and Calakmul). Although the perception that annual rainfall is reducing is not supported by instrumental records, changes in the timing of vital summer rainfall and an intensification of the mid-summer drought (canicula) are confirmed. The impact of both droughts and hurricanes on livelihoods and crop yields was reported across all communities, although the severity varied. Changes in traditional milpa cultivation were seen to be driven by less reliable rainfall but also by changes in Mexico's agricultural and wider economic policies. Diversification was a common adaptation response across all communities and respondents, resulting in profound changes in livelihood strategies. Government attempts to reduce vulnerability were foundto lack continuity, be hard to access and too orientated toward commercial scale producers. Population growth, higher temperatures and reduced summer rainfall will increase the pressures on communities reliant on small-scale farming and fishing, and a more nuanced understanding of both impacts and adaptations is required for improved livelihood resilience. Greater recognition of such local-scale adaptation strategies should underpin the developing Mexican National Adaptation Policy and provide a template for approaches internationally as adaptation becomes an increasingly important part of the global strategy to cope with climate change.

Recurso en línea: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-020-01586-w
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Acceso en línea sin restricciones

Perceptions of climate change, the impacts of and responses to climatic variability and extreme weather are explored in three communities in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, in relation to livelihood resilience. These communities provide examples of the most common livelihood strategies across the region: small-scale fisheries (San Felipe) and semi-subsistence small-holder farming (Tzucacab and Calakmul). Although the perception that annual rainfall is reducing is not supported by instrumental records, changes in the timing of vital summer rainfall and an intensification of the mid-summer drought (canicula) are confirmed. The impact of both droughts and hurricanes on livelihoods and crop yields was reported across all communities, although the severity varied. Changes in traditional milpa cultivation were seen to be driven by less reliable rainfall but also by changes in Mexico's agricultural and wider economic policies. Diversification was a common adaptation response across all communities and respondents, resulting in profound changes in livelihood strategies. Government attempts to reduce vulnerability were foundto lack continuity, be hard to access and too orientated toward commercial scale producers. Population growth, higher temperatures and reduced summer rainfall will increase the pressures on communities reliant on small-scale farming and fishing, and a more nuanced understanding of both impacts and adaptations is required for improved livelihood resilience. Greater recognition of such local-scale adaptation strategies should underpin the developing Mexican National Adaptation Policy and provide a template for approaches internationally as adaptation becomes an increasingly important part of the global strategy to cope with climate change. eng

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