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Impact of different shade coffee management scenarios, on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae), in Soconusco, Chiapas, Mexico

García González, Alfredo [autor] | Damon, Anne Ashby [autora] | Raventós, José [autor] | Riverón Giró, Frander Brian [autor] | Mújica, Ernesto [autor] | Solís Montero, Lislie [autora].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tipo de contenido: Texto Tipo de medio: Computadora Tipo de portador: Recurso en líneaTema(s): Oncidium poikilostalix | Orquídeas | Dinámica de la población | Cafetal | Manejo de recursos naturalesTema(s) en inglés: Oncidium poikilostalix | Orchids | Population dynamics | Coffee plantations | Natural resources managementDescriptor(es) geográficos: Reserva de la Biosfera Volcán Tacaná (Chiapas, México) Nota de acceso: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso En: Plant Ecology and Diversity. Volumen 10, número 2-3 (2017), páginas 185-196. --ISSN: 1755-1668Número de sistema: 59161Resumen:
Inglés

Background: Understanding the effect of perturbation, be it natural or anthropogenic, on the demography and dynamics of the plant populations can help conservation management planning. Aims: We assessed the impacts of management of a shade coffee plantation on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae). Methods: We studied in a coffee (Coffea arabica) agroecosystem the impact of the current traditional management [T] and two hypothetical epiphyte control management scenarios (intense 'desmusgue' [ID] and moderate 'desmusgue' [MD]), on the only known Mexican population of O. poikilostalix. Based on 3 years of field demographics data, the population dynamics of the orchid were projected using T, ID and MD scenarios for 20 years into the future. Results: Under the current management T, the population of O. poikilostalix was projected to grow continuously (λ = 1.102). Conversely, under management ID, the loss of individuals would lead to a sustained population decline (λ = 0.843); in the case of MD, the population would decline more slowly with the population growth rate tending towards equilibrium (λ = 0.966). Conclusions: The changes in the management of coffee plantations that have become common throughout the south-east of Mexico represent a threat to the survival of the only population of O. poikilostalix in Mexico, and likely threaten other epiphytic species.

Recurso en línea: https://doi.org/10.1080/17550874.2017.1315840
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Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso

Background: Understanding the effect of perturbation, be it natural or anthropogenic, on the demography and dynamics of the plant populations can help conservation management planning. Aims: We assessed the impacts of management of a shade coffee plantation on a population of Oncidium poikilostalix (Orchidaceae). Methods: We studied in a coffee (Coffea arabica) agroecosystem the impact of the current traditional management [T] and two hypothetical epiphyte control management scenarios (intense 'desmusgue' [ID] and moderate 'desmusgue' [MD]), on the only known Mexican population of O. poikilostalix. Based on 3 years of field demographics data, the population dynamics of the orchid were projected using T, ID and MD scenarios for 20 years into the future. Results: Under the current management T, the population of O. poikilostalix was projected to grow continuously (λ = 1.102). Conversely, under management ID, the loss of individuals would lead to a sustained population decline (λ = 0.843); in the case of MD, the population would decline more slowly with the population growth rate tending towards equilibrium (λ = 0.966). Conclusions: The changes in the management of coffee plantations that have become common throughout the south-east of Mexico represent a threat to the survival of the only population of O. poikilostalix in Mexico, and likely threaten other epiphytic species. eng

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