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Effect of three entomopathogenic fungi on three species of stingless bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) under laboratory conditions

Toledo Hernández, Ricardo Alberto [autor/a] | Ruiz Toledo, Jovani [autor/a] | Toledo, Jorge [autor/a] | Sánchez Guillén, Daniel [autor/a].
Tipo de material: Artículo
 en línea Artículo en línea Tema(s): Abejas sin aguijón | Tetragonisca angustula | Scaptotrigona mexicana | Melipona beecheii | Moscas de la fruta | Anastrepha ludens | Hongos entomopatógenos | Metarhizium anisopliae | Beauveria bassiana | Isaria fumosorosea | Control biológico de plagasTema(s) en inglés: Stingless bees | Tetragonisca angustula | Scaptotrigona mexicana | Melipona beecheii | Fruit flies | Anastrepha ludens | Entomopathogenic fungi | Metarhizium anisopliae | Beauveria bassiana | Isaria fumosorosea | Pest control biologicalNota de acceso: Disponible para usuarios de ECOSUR con su clave de acceso En: Journal of Economic Entomology. volumen 109, número 3 (June 2016), páginas 1015-1019. --ISSN: 0022-0493Número de sistema: 58047Resumen:
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Development of alternative strategies for pest control with reduced effect on beneficial organisms is a priority given the increasing global loss of biodiversity. Biological control with entomopathogenic fungi arises as a viable option to control insect pests. However, few studies have focused on the consequences of using these organisms on pollinators other than the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) or bumble bees (Bombus spp). We evaluated the pathogenicity of commercial formulations of three widely used entomopathogenic fungi, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin, Beauveria bassiana Vuillemin, and Isaria fumosorosea (Wize), to three species of stingless bees: Tetragonisca angustula Latreille, Scaptotrigona mexicana Guérin-Meneville, and Melipona beecheii Bennett. Bioassays consisted of exposing groups of bees to the recommended field concentration of each fungus using a microspray tower under laboratory conditions. Susceptibility to fungi varied greatly among species . Isaria fumosorosea (strain Ifu-lu 01) and the two formulations of B. bassiana (Bea-TNK and BotanicGard) caused <30.3% mortality in all bee species. Metarhizium anisopliae (Meta-TNK and strain Ma-lu 01) was highly active against T. angustula (94.2% mortality) and moderately active against M. beecheii (53.0% mortality) and S. mexicana (38.9% mortality). Though our laboratory-derived results suggest a moderate to high impact of these entomopathogenic fungi on stingless bees, further field studies are required to support this finding.

Recurso en línea: http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/109/3/1015
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Development of alternative strategies for pest control with reduced effect on beneficial organisms is a priority given the increasing global loss of biodiversity. Biological control with entomopathogenic fungi arises as a viable option to control insect pests. However, few studies have focused on the consequences of using these organisms on pollinators other than the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) or bumble bees (Bombus spp). We evaluated the pathogenicity of commercial formulations of three widely used entomopathogenic fungi, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sorokin, Beauveria bassiana Vuillemin, and Isaria fumosorosea (Wize), to three species of stingless bees: Tetragonisca angustula Latreille, Scaptotrigona mexicana Guérin-Meneville, and Melipona beecheii Bennett. Bioassays consisted of exposing groups of bees to the recommended field concentration of each fungus using a microspray tower under laboratory conditions. Susceptibility to fungi varied greatly among species . Isaria fumosorosea (strain Ifu-lu 01) and the two formulations of B. bassiana (Bea-TNK and BotanicGard) caused <30.3% mortality in all bee species. Metarhizium anisopliae (Meta-TNK and strain Ma-lu 01) was highly active against T. angustula (94.2% mortality) and moderately active against M. beecheii (53.0% mortality) and S. mexicana (38.9% mortality). Though our laboratory-derived results suggest a moderate to high impact of these entomopathogenic fungi on stingless bees, further field studies are required to support this finding. eng

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